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Access Active Directory in Windows Server 2008

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Active Directory provides an centralized directory that stores user account information, group membership, and other system settings on a networked computer. In this article, we’ll show you how to access Active Directory from Windows Server 2008.

Overview

Active Directory (AD) is an important part of any Windows Server environment. AD provides a centralized location for users, groups, computers, services, and configuration information. It also enables administrators to manage users, computers, services, and applications.

One of the easiest ways to access AD is through the Server Manager console. This console is located in the Administrative Tools folder on the Start Menu. The Server Manager console can be opened by selecting Start > Administrative Tools > Server Manager from the Windows menu.

The Server Manager console provides a wealth of information about your server. One of the most important sections is the Active Directory Users and Computers node. This node displays all of the user accounts and computer accounts that are currently registered in your AD domain. You can also use this section to add new user accounts or computer accounts.

You can also use the Active Directory Users and Computers node to manage users and computers by using commands such as Add User, Remove User, Edit User, Get User Account Status, Change Password, and More…

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Enabling Active Directory Connectivity

To access Active Directory in Windows Server, you need to enable Active Directory connectivity. There are several ways to do this, depending on your environment and requirements. The following sections describe two methods:

-Using the Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
-Using PowerShell

Using the MMC

To enable AD connectivity using the MMC, open the MMC by clicking Start -> Administrative Tools -> System Management -> Active Directory Users and Computers. In the console, select the domain or forest where you want to enable AD connectivity. Select Administration, then click Properties. On the General tab, under Connectivity, select Use Network Profile and type in the IP address or DNS name of the server where you want to connect to Active Directory. If you are using a hybrid deployment, be sure to also specify the appropriate port number. Click OK to exit the Properties dialog box.

Using PowerShell

If you want to enable AD connectivity using PowerShell, open a new PowerShell session and type the following command: Set-ADDirectoryServer -Identity “LDAP://serverName” -Enabled $true -BindableServerPort 3389

What this command does is set up a connection to Active Directory using LD

Configuring Active Directory Users and Computers

1. To access Active Directory users and computers in Windows Server, you need to configure your computer with the correct credentials. You can configure your computer by using the Active Directory Users and Computers tool in Server Manager or by using the netsh command.

2. To configure your computer by using the Active Directory Users and Computers tool in Server Manager, open Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Active Directory Users and Computers. In the Active Directory Users and Computers window, you can add or delete users or computers from your domain, change their passwords, or create user accounts.

3. To configure your computer by using the netsh command, open a command prompt window by clicking Start, typing cmd, and pressing Enter. Type the following command to open the Netsh console:

netsh interface ip set dns

In the Netsh console window, type the following command to configure your computer to use the DNS server that is specified in the Default Domain Policy:

netsh interface ip dns set primary=server name.msft.com

Enabling Active Directory Services

To access Active Directory in Windows Server, you first need to enable the Active Directory services. To do this, open Server Manager and select the Active Directory node. On the right side of the window, under Services, click Enable Active Directory Domain Services. This will open the Enable AD DS dialog box. Enter your domain name and click OK. The Enable AD DS dialog box will close and a message indicating that the changes have been made will appear in the Notification Area of Server Manager.

2. Configuring Active Directory Users and Computers
To access Active Directory Users and Computers, open Server Manager and select the Active Directory Users and Computers node. On the right side of the window, under Find and Select Users or Computers, type a user name or computer name and press Enter. The users or computers that match your search criteria will be displayed in the results pane. You can then select a user or computer to view its properties. You can also use the buttons on the toolbar to perform other tasks related to managing users or computers in Active Directory.

3. Configuring Group Policy Settings
You can use Group Policy to configure the settings in Active Directory. To do this, open Server Manager and select the Group Policy node. On the right side of the window, under Find and Select GPOs, type a policy name and press Enter. The policies that match your search criteria will be displayed in the results pane. You can then select a policy to view its properties. You can also use the buttons on the toolbar to perform other tasks related to managing group policies in Active Directory.

Verifying Active Directory Configuration

To access Active Directory in Windows Server, first you need to verify the configuration of your server. To do this, open a command prompt and type the following command:

net config active directory

This command will display all the active directory settings for your server. You can also use this command to see which domain controllers are currently configured on your server. You can also use this command to change registry values if needed.